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Color Names and Numerical Equivalents


Table E-3 lists all the color names commonly supported by the major browsers (Netscape 3.0 and better through Netscape 7, Internet Explorer 3.0 and better, Opera 6 and better).

The HTML specification defines sixteen named colors (aqua, black, blue, fuchsia, gray, green, lime, maroon, navy, olive, purple, red, silver, teal, white, and yellow). (Out of these colors, only seven are considered safe in the reproduction sense discussed previously.) Many other color names have been introduced by the browser vendors -particularly Netscape- and are fairly commonly used. Color names are easier to remember than numerical codes, but might cause trouble when viewed under old or uncommon browsers. It is advisable to stick with the hexadecimal approach to colors, as it is generally safer.

The corresponding hexadecimal code is shown next to each color name shown in Table E-3, and generally is interchangeable with the corresponding name. Thus, the code <body bgcolor="lightsteelblue"> would produce the same result as <body bgcolor="#b0c4de"> under any browser that supported these color names. Identical colors might be reproducible with different names. For example, "magenta" and "fuchsia" are both equivalent to #FF00FF. Regardless of named color support, keep in mind that not all numeric values are completely browser safe either. Although these names and numbers probably won't be an issue for users with high-resolution monitors and higher degrees of color support, don't forget that these users are not the only people on the Web.

Browser-safe colors in Table E-3 appear in bold; RGB equivalents are also included.

NOTE: While earlier versions of the Opera browser had highly inconsistent support of color names, more recent releases (Opera 6 and Opera 7) are greatly improved. Color names now display the same as their numerical equivalents in the newer Opera browsers, with the single exception of navyblue. This color name displays the same as navy in the Opera browsers. The color name navyblue is also problematic in Netscape's browser versions 6 and 7, which display it as black.

Table E-3: Color Names and Their Numerical Equivalent
Name Test Hex Code Test RGB
aliceblue †   F0F8FF   240,248,255
Note: The name "aliceblue" is not supported by older versions of Netscape.
antiquewhite   FAEBD7   250,235,215
aqua †   00FFFF   0,255,255
aquamarine   7FFFD4   127,255,212
azure   F0FFFF   240,255,255
beige   F5F5DC   245,245,220
bisque   FFE4C4   255,228,196
black †   000000   0,0,0
blanchedalmond   FFEBCD   255,235,205
blue †   0000FF   0, 0,255
blueviolet   8A2BE2   138, 43,226
Note: WebTV displays "blueviolet" the same as "blue" (0000EE)
brown   A52A2A   165, 42, 42
burlywood ‡   DEB887   222,184,135
cadetblue   5F9EA0   95,158,160
chartreuse   7FFF00   127,255, 0
chocolate   D2691E   210,105, 30
coral   FF7F50   255,127, 80
cornflowerblue   6495ED   100,149,237
cornsilk   FFF8DC   255,248,220
crimson ‡   DC143C   220,20,60
cyan †   00FFFF   0,255,255
darkblue ‡   00008B   0,0,139
darkcyan ‡   008B8B   0,139,139
darkgoldenrod   B8860B   184,134, 11
darkgray ‡   A9A9A9   169,169,169
darkgreen ‡   006400   0,100, 0
darkkhaki   BDB76B   189,183,107
darkmagenta ‡   8B008B   139, 0,139
darkolivegreen ‡   556B2F   85,107, 47
darkorange   FF8C00   255,140, 0
darkorchid ‡   9932CC   153, 50,204
darkred   8B0000   139, 0, 0
darksalmon   E9967A   233,150,122
darkseagreen   8FBC8F   143,188,143
darkslateblue ‡   483D8B   72, 61,139
darkslategray ‡   2F4F4F   47, 79, 79
darkturquoise ‡   00CED1   0,206,209
darkviolet   9400D3   148, 0,211
deeppink   FF1493   255, 20,147
deepskyblue   00BFFF   0,191,255
dimgray ‡   696969   105,105,105
dodgerblue   1E90FF   30,144,255
firebrick ‡   B22222   178, 34, 34
floralwhite   FFFAF0   255,250,240
forestgreen ‡   228B22   34,139, 34
fuchsia †   FF00FF   255,0,255
gainsboro   DCDCDC   220,220,220
ghostwhite   F8F8FF   248,248,255
gold   FFD700   255,215, 0
goldenrod ‡   DAA520   218,165, 32
Note: WebTV displays "goldenrod" the same as "gold" (FFD700).
gray   7F7F7F†   127,127,127
green †   008000   0,128,0
greenyellow   ADFF2F   173,255, 47
Note: WebTV displays "greenyellow" the same as "green" (008000).
honeydew   F0FFF0   240,255,240
hotpink   FF69B4   255,105,180
indianred ‡   CD5C5C   205, 92, 92
indigo ‡   4B0082   75,0,130
ivory   FFFFF0   255,255,240
khaki ‡   F0E68C   240,230,140
lavender   E6E6FA   230,230,250
lavenderblush   FFF0F5   255,240,245
lawngreen   7CFC00   124,252, 0
lemonchiffon   FFFACD   255,250,205
lightblue   ADD8E6   173,216,230
lightcoral   F08080   240,128,128
lightcyan †   E0FFFF   224,255,255
lightgoldenrodyellow   FAFAD2   250,250,210
lightgreen ‡   90EE90   144,238,144
lightgrey ‡   D3D3D3   211,211,211
lightpink   FFB6C1   255,182,193
lightsalmon   FFA07A   255,160,122
lightseagreen   20B2AA   32,178,170
lightskyblue   87CEFA   135,206,250
lightslategray   778899   119,136,153
lightsteelblue ‡   B0C4DE   176,196,222
lightyellow   FFFFE0   255,255,224
lime †   00FF00   0,255,0
limegreen ‡   32CD32   50,205, 50
Note: WebTV displays "limegreen" the same as "lime" (00FF00).
linen   FAF0E6   250,240,230
magenta †   FF00FF   255, 0,255
maroon †   800000   128,0,0
mediumaquamarine ‡   66CDAA   102,205,170
mediumblue ‡   0000CD   0,0,205
mediumorchid ‡   BA55D3   186, 85,211
mediumpurple   9370DB   147,112,219
mediumseagreen ‡   3CB371   60,179,113
mediumslateblue ‡   7B68EE   123,104,238
mediumspringgreen ‡   00FA9A   0,250,154
Note: According to the WebTV specification, WebTV supports "mediumspringgreen," but the name does not match the numerical code display (00FA9A).
mediumturquoise   48D1CC   72,209,204
mediumvioletred   C71585   199, 21,133
midnightblue   191970   25, 25,112
mintcream   F5FFFA   245,255,250
mistyrose   FFE4E1   255,228,225
moccasin   FFE4B5   255,228,181
navajowhite   FFDEAD   255,222,173
navy †   000080   0, 0,128
navyblue ‡   9FAFDF   159,175,223
Note: WebTV displays "navyblue" the same as "navy" (000080).
oldlace   FDF5E6   253,245,230
olive †   808000   128,128,0
olivedrab   6B8E23   107,142, 35
Note: WebTV displays "olivedrab" the same as "olive" (00FF00).
orange   FFA500   255,165, 0
orangered   FF4500   255, 69, 0
Note: WebTV displays "orangered" the same as "orange" (00FF00).
orchid   DA70D6   218,112,214
palegoldenrod   EEE8AA   238,232,170
palegreen   98FB98   152,251,152
paleturquoise   AFEEEE   175,238,238
palevioletred   DB7093   219,112,147
papayawhip   FFEFD5   255,239,213
peachpuff   FFDAB9   255,218,185
peru   CD853F   205,133, 63
pink   FFC0CB   255,192,203
plum   DDA0DD   221,160,221
powderblue   B0E0E6   176,224,230
purple †   800080   128,0,128
red †   FF0000   255, 0, 0
rosybrown   BC8F8F   188,143,143
royalblue   4169E1   65,105,225
saddlebrown   8B4513‡   139,69,19
salmon ‡   FA8072   250,128,114
sandybrown   F4A460   244,164, 96
seagreen   2E8B57   46,139, 87
seashell   FFF5EE   255,245,238
sienna   A0522D   160, 82, 45
silver †   C0C0C0   192,192,192
skyblue   87CEEB   135,206,235
slateblue   6A5ACD   106, 90,205
slategray   708090   112,128,144
snow   FFFAFA   255,250,250
springgreen   00FF7F   0,255,127
steelblue   4682B4   70,130,180
tan   D2B48C   210,180,140
teal †   008080   0,128,128
thistle   D8BFD8   216,191,216
tomato   FF6347   255, 99, 71
turquoise   40E0D0   64,224,208
violet   EE82EE   238,130,238
wheat   F5DEB3   245,222,179
white †   FFFFFF   255,255,255
whitesmoke   F5F5F5   245,245,245
yellow †   FFFF00   255,255, 0
yellowgreen   9ACD32   139,205,50
Note: WebTV displays "yellowgreen" the same as "yellow" (00FF00).
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